Charles Taze Russell, the founder and first president of the Jehovah's Witnesses, put his understanding of the Bible into a series of books called, Studies in the Scriptures. Before Charles Taze Russell died six volumes were written and after his death Clayton J. Woodworth and George H. Fisher used Russell's teachings and put those doctrines into this seventh volume - The Finished Mystery. Hence, the seventh volume identifies itself as the posthumous work of Pastor Russell. (All quotes in this article, unless otherwise specified, are from the 1917 edition of Studies in the Scriptures, series VII, The Finished Mystery, copyrighted by the Peoples Pulpit Association. All bold emphasis in quotes is my own, while all capital emphasis in quotes is in the original.) This seventh volume (The Finished Mystery) is Russell's commentary on Revelation, Song of Solomon and Ezekiel.
The Finished Mystery 1917 Edition
Let's begin with actual quotes proving that this seventh volume is Charles Taze Russell's doctrines:This posthumous work of Pastor Russell (arranged for use as a textbook) is much condensed, including the extracts from the pastor's pen, all of which are referred back to his works (p. 10).In the back of this book is an advertisement for all seven volumes:
POSTHUMOUS WORK OF PASTOR RUSSELL (p. 2, if numbered).The Exhaustive and Celebrated Works of PASTOR RUSSELL Complete in Seven Handsomely Bound Volumes (would be p. 608, if numbered).Clearly, volume seven contains the teachings of Russell though he didn't actually write it like he did the first six volumes. Furthermore, C. T. Russell's unique importance is openly stated:Pastor Russell being the messenger of the Laodicean Church, and occupying the position of the Lord's special servant to give the Household of Faith meat in due season .... (p. 4).So Russell himself privately admitted that he himself is that special messenger to the last Age of the Church. Also, from Rev. 21:20, we read the following interpretation of amethyst, which is supposed to refer to C. T. Russell and the seventh volume:
Those consecrated Christians who have read and fully appreciated the Truth as contained in the preceding six volumes of STUDIES IN THE SCRIPTURES readily see and agree that Charles Taze Russell was the messenger of the Church of Laodicea. In the mind of every one who believes the Bible the evidence set forth in this volume will establish that fact beyond the question of a doubt (p. 3).
The special messenger to the last Age of the Church was Charles T. Russell, born February 16, 1852. He has privately admitted his belief that he was chosen for his great work from before his birth (p. 53).Amethyst was Pastor Russell's birth-stone; and behold how perfect its application! He was true blue in his faithfulness, and fully loyal to the blood of Christ, as shown by the red. He has the royalty now, thank God! The cup which he poured never intoxicated with error those who drank its life-giving draughts from the Fountain of all Truth, our Father's Word. The six-sided crystallization represents his Six Volumes of Scripture Studies and this the Seventh, a summary of all, represents the stone as a whole (pp. 326, 327).
It seems that a somewhat common characteristic of the cults is that their own material is exalted to that special key needed to understand the Bible. This same faulty, dangerous concept was taught by John Calvin and Mary Baker Eddy regarding their own writings, but they were not alone - Charles Russell did the same in The Finished Mystery:
Are Russell's Teachings Keys
as Claimed in The Finished Mystery?By the Lord's grace, he wrote the six volumes of STUDIES IN THE SCRIPTURES, which writings aside from the Bible, have gladdened more hearts and thrilled Christians with greater hope and joyful expectation than have any other writings extant. These books have been properly designated "Keys to the Divine Plan of the Ages" (p. 5).
This book may properly be said to be a posthumous publication of Pastor Russell. Why? Because to him the Lord gave the "key"; to him was given the privilege of making clear to the Church in its last years the "Mystery of God"; to him was granted the privilege of bearing from the hands of the Lord to the Household of Faith "meat in due season" for the special development and sustenance of God's dear little ones .... It seemed pleasing to the Lord that Brothers C. J. Woodworth and George H. Fisher should prepare the Seventh Volume, under the direction of the WATCH TOWER BIBLE AND TRACT SOCIETY (pp. 5,6).
Again, as John Calvin ridiculously exalted his own Institutes to be a key needed for Biblical understanding, the same was also fallaciously declared about Russell's materials. So under the direction of the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society (WS), what key to the Scriptures was Russell given that was written down after his death and also found in the first six volumes of Studies in the Scriptures? But even more important, why isn't the Watchtower Society currently teaching as Russell did? In this article, the reader will be exposed to a list of false prophecies, Scriptural errors and doctrines denied today by the Watchtower Society, which will answer this crucial question for us.
Thus far we have read where Russell is supposed to be all of the following:
the messenger of the Laodicean Church the Lord's special servant to give the Household of Faith meat in due season the special messenger to the last Age of the Church to him the Lord gave the "key" to him was given the privilege of making clear to the Church in its last years the "Mystery of God"
and regarding the seventh volume (The Finished Mystery), we read where it is a summary of all of the preceding six volumes. The explanation under Rev.1:1 tells us more about Russell and his connection to Mt. 24:45:
Is Charles Taze Russell, the Faithful and Wise Servant?John the Revelator and the Prophet Habakkuk have foretold that the understanding of this revelation, given in 96 A. D., is set for an appointed time, the end of the age; and that, at that time, now, when the predicted "Faithful and wise servant" would be present with God's people, the vision would be made plain (p. 11).
By His angel. The "angel" of Rev. 3:14 represented this messenger who appeared to St. John. Our Lord's promise in Luke 12:14 is not limited to activities on this side of the veil (p. 12).
C. T. Russell was supposed to be that "Faithful and wise servant" according to the meaning of Rev. 22:6:The same angel mentioned in Rev. 1:1 ; 19:9,10; representing Russell, beyond the veil (p. 334).The meaning of Rev. 3:14 reveals the same:The special messenger to the last Age of the Church was Charles T. Russell ... (p. 53).Beyond that, it was supposed to be Jesus and Russell together that are the one faithful and wise undershepherd:God has established Jesus (David) the Beloved (Jer. 23; 4, 5; John 10:11), and Pastor Russell as a faithful and wise undershepherd, to bring forth from the Bible Storehouse truths new and old, to feed the sheep (p. 538).
Do you believe Charles Taze Russell, "The 'angel' of Rev. 3:14," appeared to the Apostle John, as found in the explanation under "By His angel" in Rev. 1:1? _____ YES _____ NO. The year 1881 is significant for those who know the claims of Russell. Ponder the following two quotes and it will become apparent:
1881For seven years after Christ's Return in 1874 - until 1881 - Pastor Russell, although he knew much of God's Plan, was in some degree in the same condition as other Christians in imperfect understanding of God's Word (p. 386).
Then, in 1881, he became God's watchman for all Christendom, and began his gigantic work of witness (p. 387).
Russell's Meat in Due Season
To talk with a Jehovah's Witness in our day will usually mean that the identity of the Lord Jesus will be readily reduced far below the truth found in the Bible regarding his deity. But strangely, Charles Taze Russell believed Jesus is the Almighty at Rev. 1:8. (This is one of the very few times Russell was correct in his teachings about Jesus.)"It is since His resurrection that the message has gone forth - 'All power in Heaven and in earth is given unto Me.' (Matt. 28:18.) Consequently it is only since then that He could be called the Almighty" (p. 15).
Again, C. T. Russell, the original Jehovah's Witness himself, taught in The Finished Mystery that Jesus after his resurrection is Almighty, but this certainly isn't what the JWs in our day believe. Moreover, under Rev. 1:4, Jesus is described as all-knowing by Russell:"In this symbolical picture the eye of the Lord is represented as seven or complete, all-seeing, every-where, all-knowing ..." (p. 13).
Matthias Not Paul
Russell's understanding of Rev. 1:13 would have us, this time wrongly, think that Paul was the Apostolic replacement of Judas:... in that of His Twelve Apostles, His representatives - St. Paul taking the place of Judas ... (p. 18).
The real truth is it was not Paul but Matthias who replaced Judas. This is clearly the message of the Bible:"... Therefore it is necessary to choose one of the men who have been with us the whole time the Lord Jesus went in and out among us, beginning from John's baptism to the time when Jesus was taken up from us. For one of these must become a witness with us of his resurrection." So they proposed two men: Joseph called Barsabbas (also known as Justus) and Matthias. Then they prayed, "Lord, you know everyone's heart. Show us which of these two you have chosen to take over this apostolic ministry, which Judas left to go where he belongs." Then they cast lots, and the lot fell to Matthias; so he was added to the eleven apostles. (Acts 1:21-26)
From this data we should all now be aware of two facts: (1) Charles Taze Russell was not declaring the same message that is taught by the WS today and (2) at other times he declared a message not consistent with the Bible! Since these are undisputed facts, it is impossible for Russell to be who he and his immediate followers unashamedly claimed him to be.
Dates and Prophecies in The Finished Mystery
Under Rev. 6:11 and the clause, "And it was said unto them," Russell's thoughts are given:Not actually, but by the teachings of the parallel dispensations, which show that as Christ was raised from the dead in A. D. 33, the sleeping saints would be raised 1845 years later, in the Spring of 1878 (p. 118).
Other dates important to Russell were 1874, 1914, 1918, 1920, 1925 and 1932:Fall 1874 A. D. Second Advent of the Lord (p. 60).
He called his semi-monthly publication, "The Watch Tower"; and, firm in the belief that the Second Advent took place in 1874 ... (p. 368).
Unto the seven epochs, ending respectively, in A. D. 73, 325, 1160, 1378, 1518, 1874 and 1918 (p. 72).
This chapter relates to the Divine wrath, after 1918 A. D., upon the governments, symbolically called "mountains and hills," and the rivers, the denominations .... All state churches are to be destroyed, literally by the sword, and by the truth about them in the Word of God, the Sword of the Spirit (p. 402).
In one short year, 1917-1918, the vast and complicated system of sectarianism reaches its zenith of power, only to be suddenly dashed into oblivion (p. 285).
Their time has come - 1918 - when iniquity in the House of the Sons of God shall have an end (p. 468).
Ezek. 5:2, 12, 16, 17, relate to features of the destruction of literal Jerusalem in 606 B. C. and 70-73 A. D. and of Christendom in 1914 to 1918 A. D. (p. 398).
There will be no chance of escaping from destruction, though the nations - as in cases of Germany, the Allies and the United States - earnestly seek in vain for some way of securing peace. The trouble is due to the dawning of the Day of Christ, the Millennium. It is the Day of Vengeance, which began in the world war of 1914 and which will break like a furious morning storm in 1918 (p. 404).
Also, in the year 1918, when God destroys the churches wholesale and the church members by millions, it shall be that any that escape shall come to the works of Pastor Russell to learn the meaning of the downfall of "Christianity" (p. 485).
As the fleshly-minded apostates from Christianity, siding with the radicals and revolutionaries, will rejoice at the inheritance of desolation that will be Christendom's after 1918, so will God do to the successful revolutionary movement; it shall be utterly desolated, "even all of it." Not one vestige of it shall survive the ravages of world-wide all-embracing anarchy, in the fall of 1920 (p. 542).
... after the wars, revolutions and anarchy of the period from 1914 to 1925 have passed. The time of the establishment of the Kingdom in power is indicated as "in the fourteenth year after that the city (Christendom) was smitten" - or fourteen years after 1918, viz., in 1932 (p. 569).
After 1918 the people supporting churchianity will cease to be its supporters, be destroyed as adherents, by the spiritual pestilence of errors abroad and the famine of the Word of God among them (p. 399).
Even the republics will disappear in the fall of 1920 (p. 258).
The three days in which Pharaoh's host pursued the Israelites into the wilderness represents the three years from 1917 to 1920 at which time all of Pharaoh's messengers will be swallowed up in the sea of anarchy (p. 258).
The year 1914 brought the end of the Times of the Gentiles, but not the end of the Harvest work (p. 61).
... The Spring of 1918 will bring upon Christendom a spasm of anguish greater even than that experienced in the Fall of 1914. Reexamine the table of the Parallel Dispensations in STUDIES IN THE SCRIPTURES, Vol. 2, pages 246 and 247; change the 37 to 40, 70 to 73 and 1914 to 1918, and we believe it is correct and will be fulfilled "with great power and glory" (Mark 13:26) (p. 62).
The aforementioned 1918 date is clearly referring to the Lord's return or the Son of man coming. This is evident by pondering Mark 13:26, which was cited there. Here is that Scripture:And then shall they see the Son of man coming in the clouds with great power and glory (Mark 13:26).
Moreover, we read elsewhere about 1918:‘... what then are we to expect in the parallel year 1918?' Brother Russell put the question to three prominent brethren, all of whom replied that they did not know, but were willing to wait and see. When he called upon me I said, ‘Since the year 73 A. D. saw the complete overthrow of nominal Natural Israel in Palestine, so in the parallel year 1918, I infer we should look for the complete overthrow of nominal Spiritual Israel; i. e., the fall of Babylon. (Rev. 18.) Brother Russell replied: ‘Exactly. That is exactly the inference to draw' (p. 129).Hence, 1918 was clearly supposed to be the coming of Christ and the fall of Babylon, according to his seventh volume. JW people living at that time thought they were in the truth, but instead they were deceived.
Russell Compared to the
Furthermore, the prophet Ezekiel was supposed to be a type of Charles Russell, based on their interpretation of Ezek 10:2:Ezekiel, typing Pastor Russell, sees himself as acting in the manner here described (p. 421).
Russell is repeatedly likened to the prophet Ezekiel:Truly, "mourning, lamentation and woe" were the burden of God's Prophet Ezekiel, as he foresaw the destruction of his beloved city, Jerusalem - and of Pastor Russell, as he foreknew the desolation of a world (p. 380)!Question: Did Charles Taze Russell really foreknow the coming desolation? _____ YES _____ NO.
The significance of the word Ezekiel is "God is strong," and epitomizes the faith and the message of Pastor Russell (pp. 367, 368).
As Ezekiel was the son of Buzi, "Contemned of God," Pastor Russell was born the child of a nominal religious system which is unfaithful to Jehovah. Pastor Russell, by the faithful carrying out of his vow of consecration to Divine service, was accepted as a true priest of the Almighty (p. 368).
They Will Know That a
[False] Prophet [C. T. Russell]
Has Been Among Them
The prophet Ezekiel of the Bible had a message of destruction, but God wanted him to know the following:When all this comes true and it surely will - then they will know that a prophet has been among them (Ezek 33:33).
It is under the same verse (Ezek. 33:33), the following interpretation and comparison is made to Russell's books:But when the things predicted in the entire seven volumes of the Studies in the Scriptures come to pass, then shall the tares, too late, realize that a great and Divinely ordained preacher "hath been among them" (p. 532).
Since the things predicted in the seven volumes of Studies in the Scriptures did not come to pass, but flatly failed, should we therefore believe Russell is a false prophet instead of a great and Divinely ordained preacher? _____ YES _____ NO.
Weird Unscriptural Teachings
Besides C. T. Russell's "meat in due season" unfulfilled prophecies, at other times his teachings were nothing more than weird, speculative teachings without any real Scriptural backing. While Russell taught the number 144,000 is the number of the Elect (p. 323) or the Bride of Christ (p. 138), he said something different about the sheep class:As the number of the Bride of Christ is to be 144,000, it would be reasonable to think that each number of this class may have 144,000 to look after, as 144,000X144,000 equals 20,736,000,000 (twenty billion seven hundred and thirty-six million), evidently just about the right number to be cared for - 144,000 would be quite a host for each individual of the Bride class to look after. So we can see the necessity for the work of the Great Company (p. 138).
From Rev. 21:17, Russell got the following:We should expect to find the number of those rescued during the Millennium shown somewhere in these measurements; and this we also find. The cubit, in symbolism, is flexible in length, like the word "day." If we multiply the number of square furlongs in the city by the 144 measures of a man the result is 144,000,000 by 144 or 20,736,000,000, the estimated number of the sheep class at the end of the Millennial Age (p. 323).
Russell, with his understanding of all the Divine purposes for mankind and of some for the angels (p. 385) also allegedly figured out the number of the angels (who he calls the Great Company) in Rev. 5:11. He thought:The number of the Great Company will apparently exceed one hundred millions [sic]. Num. 4:46-48 and Ex. 28:1 indicate but one priest to each 2,860 Levites, which would make the number of the Great Company approximate [sic] 411,840,000 (p. 103).
And shall lead them unto [living] fountains of waters OF LIFE - They will not have within them the "well of water springing up unto everlasting life," as will the Bride class, but may freely take of the "Water of life" which flows forth from the united well-springs of the Fountain and its 144,000 associates (p. 142).
The Watchtower Society's interpretation of Rev. 8:3 is an endorsement of Russell, who though dead is still managing every feature of the Harvest work:And another angel. - Not the "voice of the Lord," mentioned in the preceding chapter, but the corporate body - the WATCH TOWER BIBLE AND TRACT SOCIETY, which Pastor Russell formed to finish his work. This verse shows that, though Pastor Russell has passed beyond the veil, he is still managing every feature of the Harvest work. "The WATCH TOWER BIBLE AND TRACT SOCIETY is the greatest corporation in the world, because from the time of its organization until now the Lord has used it as His channel through which to make known the Glad Tidings" (p.144).
Similarly, the interpretation of Rev. 16:16 declares:Pastor Russell passed forever out of reach of the antitypical Pharaoh, Satan, in the fall of 1916. But in steadfast belief that "his works do follow him," we hold that he supervises, by the Lord's arrangement, the work yet to be done (p. 256).
Four Simple Questions
Dear JW reader, do you think though Pastor Russell has passed beyond the veil, he is still managing every feature of the Harvest work? _____ YES _____ NO. Do you believe Russell supervises the Watchtower work today? _____ YES _____ NO. Do you still believe the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society is God's channel to make known the Glad Tidings, the same ones proclaimed by Russell? _____ YES _____ NO. Could the God of truth channel His message out through his special messenger and not have it come to pass as happened to Russell? _____ YES _____ NO.
At Rev. 8:5, we read:And the angel. - The WATCH TOWER SOCIETY through its proper representatives. Took the censer. - The Seventh Volume of STUDIES IN THE SCRIPTURES, Divinely provided. ... And there were [voices and] thunderings. - Seven Volumes of "Scripture Studies," this one being the last of the series. (Rev. 10:3,4) Thunders are symbolical of controversy, and this volume may cause some. Particularly is it to be expected that the clergy will thunder against whatever Truth it contains (p. 145).
According to the above evidence, is it possible that the censer of Rev. 8:5 is the seventh volume of Studies in the Scriptures? _____ YES _____ NO. Could that volume be divinely provided and contain false information in it? _____ YES _____ NO.
The Seven Churches In Asia Minor
The seven churches of Asia addressed in Rev. 2 and 3, mention various angels. Those seven "messengers" (or "angels") in chronological order, according to Russell are as follows: Paul (p. 23); John (p. 27); Arius (p. 30); Peter Waldo (p. 37); John Wycliffe (p. 45); Martin Luther (p. 48) and Charles Taze Russell himself (p. 53)! It is also important to remember that these same seven churches (or "epochs," according to Russell) cited in Rev. 2 and 3 all are ended in or by 1918:What the Spirit saith unto the churches. - Unto the seven epochs, ending, respectively, in A. D. 73, 325, 1160, 1378, 1518, 1874 and 1918 (p. 72).
Ponder This One!
Of Russell it is written:He heard for the first time since Apostolic days the Plan of God (p. 385).
If Russell was the first person since Apostolic days to know the Plan of God, then how could Arius, Peter Waldo, John Wycliffe and Martin Luther be considered messengers to the churches in Rev. 2 and 3, since the messengers of the Bible were declaring truth? ___________________. If Russell was the special messenger to the last Age of the Church (p. 53), then why are his successors changing certain things he taught under the term new light?
If Russell was really the man of this age, then the WS should only be rehashing his understanding, which they only do in part. At other times they flatly contradict or ignore what Russell taught.
Michael is the Pope
Just one such example of changing Russell's understanding is found at Rev. 12:7 where a war in heaven occurs between Michael and his angels and the dragon and his angels. This verse reads:And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels.
C. T. Russell taught the identity of Michael to be "the Pope" (p. 188). What a shock this has to be to the JW in our day, who teaches that Michael there is Jesus. Is Michael the Pope or Jesus? With only those two choices, both views are wrong, since the Lord Jesus is not Michael the archangel nor is Michael the archangel the pope. (The truth is, the real Jesus of the Bible created Michael the archangel and Jesus is not an angel.)
Russell also revealed the identity of the dragon in Rev. 12:7 to be Imperial Rome (p. 188), instead of the devil or Satan, as the Bible clearly identifies the dragon to be. Please note Rev. 12:7-9 which reveals the real identity of the dragon to be the devil:And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels, and prevailed not; neither was their place found any more in heaven. And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him (Rev 12:7-9).
A more modern version renders the same passage this way:And there was war in heaven. Michael and his angels fought against the dragon, and the dragon and his angels fought back. But he was not strong enough, and they lost their place in heaven. The great dragon was hurled down - that ancient serpent called the devil, or Satan, who leads the whole world astray. He was hurled to the earth, and his angels with him. (Rev 12:7-9)
So again, how could the JWs of our day oppose Russell's teaching about Michael at Rev. 12:7 when the aforementioned, ultra-exalting appraisals of him have been boldly published by them? That, in itself, is a contradiction. Besides that, even more incomparable praises have been declared for Russell:Many Christian ministers have had glimpses of the Word of God, knowledge of some details of the Plan, some measure of the Holy Spirit; but to Pastor Russell, God's messenger to the last stage of the Church, was given a super-abundance of gifts, to set the things of God in order (Isa. 44:7), to proclaim as harmonious understanding of all the Divine purposes for mankind and of some for the angels. (Eph. 3:10.) He heard the full harmony of "the song of Moses and the Lamb." (Rev. 15:3.) To him the wings (Rev. 12:4), the Word of God, Old Testament and New, sounded their Glad Tidings, a message whose parts "touched one another," were in complete touch, full harmony. He heard for the first time since Apostolic days the Plan of God, "the noise of the wheels [cycles, ages]." He heard the manifestations of the operation of the Holy Spirit, the "noise of a great rushing," and was filled with the Spirit in a measure beyond the portion of most Christian men (p. 385).
Pastor Russell was given a clear, beautiful, complete comprehension of the Plan of God as revealed in the Tabernacle arrangements and sacrifices (p. 235).
Adam's Creation Before 4127 B. C.
To the average person who reads the Bible, when Adam was created is absolutely meaningless, but certainly not for the Watchtower Society and the JWs we encounter at our doors. That bit of information, to them, is critical for their date setting! Russell taught the following, not about Adam's creation, but about his fall, which allegedly occurred in 4127 B. C. (p. 60). From that we know Russell believed Adam was created sometime before 4127 B. C.
In a different volume of Russell's so-called Studies in the Scriptures, we read the following:Six thousand years from Adam ended in A. D. 1872 (Vol. 2, 1908 ed., p. 374, if numbered).
If we subtract 6,000 years from A. D.1872 it gives us 4127 B. C. Similarly, we read at another time:In this chapter we present the Bible evidence which indicates that six thousand years from the creation of Adam were complete with A. D. 1872; and hence that, since 1872 A. D., we are chronologically entered upon the seventh thousand or the Millennium (Vol. 2, 1908 ed., p. 3).
But seven years before 1975 the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society was teaching that both Adam and Eve were created in the same year and at a different time - in 4026 B. C. E. (Watchtower, May 1, 1968, pp. 271-273; Awake, October 8, 1968, pp.14,15) Again, this is significantly different than what their specially enlightened messenger to this last age originally declared. That equals another major discrepancy.
Besides that, after their 1975 false prophecy, the Watchtower Society was no longer certain about when Eve was created. Many believe this was done to conceal their own false prophecy and identity. They wrote:... there was a time lapse of unspecified length between Adam's creation and the creation of Eve. Not until after the creation of Eve did God's ‘rest day' begin. The start of that day being unknown, its end is likewise unknown (Watchtower, January 1, 1976, p. 30).
In an unscriptural attempt to confuse the issue and conceal their own identity, The Watchtower says they admit their "mistakes." The reader should note: The Watchtower Society refuses to acknowledge their 1975 false prophecy (or "mistake" as called by some).
The Great Pyramid - God's Witness?
No one has to be a Bible scholar to know that something is not right when the Great Pyramid in Egypt is cited as a confirmation for Biblical teaching! Strangely though, it seems that the JWs of our day are unaware that it was cited for such or lack this ability to know:The Great Pyramid confirms the Bible's teaching that the time of Harvest has come (p. 226).
Russell taught the same amazing thing in volume two of the Studies in the Scriptures - The Time is at Hand:... the Great Pyramid of Egypt is one of God's Witnesses (Vol. 2, 1908 ed., p. 366).
Volume two of the Studies in the Scriptures has many dates in it. In a single paragraph we read of three of these:We are already living in the seventh millennium - since Oct. 1872. The lease of power to the Gentile kingdoms must terminate with the year 1914. The great antitypical Jubilee, the Time of Restitution of all things, had its beginning in the year 1874, when the presence of the great Restorer was also due (Vol. 2, 1908 ed., p. 363).
On a different page, in the same book, we read of the exact date of the Lord's return:The next chapter will present Bible evidence that 1874 A. D. was the exact date of the beginning of the "Times of Restitution," and hence of our Lord's return (Vol. 2, 1908 ed., p. 170).
Then we have the 1914 false prophecy again:In view of this strong Bible evidence concerning the Times of the Gentiles, we consider it an established truth that the final end of the kingdoms of this world, and the full establishment of the Kingdom of God, will be accomplished at the end of A. D. 1914 (Vol. 2, 1908 ed., p. 99).
... the "battle of the great day of God Almighty" (Rev. 16:14), which will end in A. D. 1914 with the complete overthrow of earth's present rulership, is already commenced (Vol.2, 1908 ed., p. 101).
... the Gospel age harvest will end October, 1914, and that likewise the overthrow of "Christendom," so-called, must be expected to immediately follow. "In one hour" judgment shall come upon her (Vol. 2, 1908 ed., p. 245).
Dear reader, think: Do those preceding dates and false prophecies substantiate Russell's bold claims for the following:
the messenger of the Laodicean Church the Lord's special servant to give the Household of Faith meat in due season the special messenger to the last Age of the Church to him the Lord gave the "key" to him was given the privilege of making clear to the Church in its last years the "Mystery of God" Pastor Russell, God's messenger to the last stage of the Church, was given a super-abundance of gifts, to set the things of God in order, to proclaim as harmonious understanding of all the Divine purposes for mankind and of some for the angels. He heard the full harmony of "the song of Moses and the Lamb." To him the wings, the Word of God, Old Testament and New, sounded their Glad Tidings, a message whose parts "touched one another," were in complete touch, full harmony. He heard for the first time since Apostolic days the Plan of God, "the noise of the wheels [cycles, ages]." He heard the manifestations of the operation of the Holy Spirit, the "noise of a great rushing," and was filled with the Spirit in a measure beyond the portion of most Christian men. The Faithful and wise servant. God's watchman for all Christendom. Divinely ordained.
Could even one of those claims for Russell be true in light of the above evidence? _____ YES _____ NO. Does that in itself make Russell a false witness, one claiming to be teaching God's truth, but who is, in reality, teaching lies? _____ YES _____ NO. Are people helped or hurt by false information? _____ HELPED _____ HURT. Was it, therefore, good that Russell thus affected so many people, as he did? _____ YES _____ NO. C. T. Russell's interpretation of many Scriptures in the book of Revelation is self-exalting to say the least. Here are some examples: The "another angel" of Rev. 14:17 is "Pastor Russell himself, after the harvesting of the saints was finished" (p. 226); the "winepress" of Rev. 14:20 is "The Seventh Volume of Scripture Studies, the work that will squeeze the juice out of the ‘Abominations of the earth'" (p. 229); the "seven angels" of Rev. 15:1 are "The seven volumes of Studies in the Scriptures" (p. 231); the "seven angels" of Rev. 15:6 are "The seven volumes of Scripture Studies" (p. 235); the "Till the seven plagues of the seven angels were fulfilled" in Rev. 15:8 refers to "Until the seven volumes of Scripture Studies were written, published and circulated" (p. 236); the "Saying to the seven angels" in Rev. 16:1 refers to "The seven volumes of Scripture Studies" (p. 237); etc.
I Would Have Never Guessed
That Was The Meaning!
Humble Russell Again!
Those are surprising, but here is another from Rev. 10:1-3 which we should examine. Before it is cited please ponder those verses from the Bible:Rev 10:1 And I saw another mighty angel come down from heaven, clothed with a cloud: and a rainbow was upon his head, and his face was as it were the sun, and his feet as pillars of fire: Rev 10:2 And he had in his hand a little book open: and he set his right foot upon the sea, and his left foot on the earth, Rev 10:3 And cried with a loud voice, as when a lion roareth: and when he had cried, seven thunders uttered their voices.
Please note: The mighty angel of 10:1 is the same one that cries with a loud voice in 10:3. After that occurred the seven thunders spoke. Ponder those verses and this will become clear. In contrast, the so-called "special messenger to the last Age of the Church" (C. T. Russell) wants us to think, according to his own interpretation, the angel in 10:1 is "the Lord Jesus," but the one that cries with a loud voice in 10:3 is not Jesus, but instead himself - "Pastor Russell" (p. 167)! Furthermore, the "Seven thunders" of 10:3 are supposed to refer to the "Seven volumes of ‘STUDIES IN THE SCRIPTURES'" (p. 167).
So, just like the heretical LDS Mormon church which teaches Joseph Smith, Jr. (a Bible-defined false prophet) is referred to in the Bible, the Watchtower Society has made the same kind of outlandish, false claim for their own founder by overlooking that it is the same angel of v. 1 that cries out in a loud voice in v. 3.
These are the kinds of misapplied interpretations that are all through the Watchtower's material, even to this present day. Besides that, mingled in with it are false prophecies from a founder of a religious system, who is supposed to have uniquely special, spiritual eyes of understanding. Multitudes of precious souls have been deceived by Russell and his successors, just like Jesus warned would happen. Though Russell is not, in reality, referred to in any of the aforementioned references from Revelation or Ezekiel, he is referred to by Jesus in Mt. 24:11:And many false prophets will appear and deceive many people.
C. T. Russell was one of many false prophets that came, as Jesus warned. He, therefore, is a deceiver and has hurt and spiritually destroyed multitudes over the years. The worst and most deceitful part of all of the Watchtower's heretical teachings is not their many false prophecies, but their lethal teachings about salvation and who Jesus really is. Dear reader, salvation is never connected with any organization, especially one that has a past record filled with false prophecies, unscriptural teachings and inconsistencies like the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society. Instead, salvation is only found by turning from all your sins and placing a submissive faith and 100% trust in the Lord Jesus and in him alone for salvation (1 John 5:12; Acts 4:10-12; 16:30,31; etc.) with 0% trust in an organization. We must also endure to the end to be saved (Mt. 10:22; Heb. 3:14; Rev. 2:10,11).
The Evidence Set Forth
in The Finished Mystery
Earlier the following quote was cited:Those consecrated Christians who have read and fully appreciated the Truth as contained in the preceding six volumes of STUDIES IN THE SCRIPTURES readily see and agree that Charles Taze Russell was the messenger of the Church of Laodicea. In the mind of every one who believes the Bible the evidence set forth in this volume will establish that fact beyond the question of a doubt (p. 3).
The last sentence in the above quote is given to those that believe the Bible. To the ones that do believe the Bible, the evidence set forth in this seventh volume is supposed to establish the so-called fact that Russell was the messenger of the Church of Laodicea. Please be assured that I wholeheartedly believe the Bible and have also carefully examined the evidence contained in volume seven and must, therefore, not only reject the claims about Russell, but even go further and declare him to be a spiritually dangerous man - a false prophet. BTW, the bible I believe is NOT the distorted New Word Translation!
Three Final Questions
Dear JW reader, will YOU be one of the many to be deceived by a false prophet (Mt. 24:11)? _____ YES _____ NO. Do you realize that false prophets, such as Russell and his successors, should never be trusted for Biblical guidance? _____ YES _____ NO. Are you going to stop reading the literature circulated by such an organization as the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society and read the Bible alone to learn God's truth? _____ YES _____ NO. (Their literature isn't an aid, but a hindrance; it's not the truth but lies and the ones responsible for such are not from God, but are of the devil.)
For more information, please go to Jehovah's Witnesses Beliefs Answered and Exposed.
We have other articles dealing with Jehovah's Witnesses:
Questions for thinking Jehovah's Witnesses
100 Biblical Names and Titles of Christ
Jesus is YHWH of the Old Testament
The New World Translation
Jehovah's Witnesses and the Name Jehovah
The Wicked Dead - Will They Experience Annihilation or Eternal Torment?
Answering The Most Common Objections to the Deity of Christ
Understanding and Refuting Jehovah's Witnesses: (Audio messages) Part 1 | Part 2
The Jesus of the Jehovah's Witnesses
The Watchtower Society
What Do Jehovah's Witnesses Believe? (A biblical/factual response)
Evangelical Outreach Alphabetical Map
Contact Us Or Join Our Internet ChurchEvangelical Outreach
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